What are the Types of Fuel in Bunkering?

bunkering fuel at sea
bunkering fuel at sea

What is Bunkering?

We have a more detailed version on what is bunkering here. But if you are in a hurry let’s define bunkering as the process of supplying needs (fuel, food, water, etc.) to ships. The fuel supplied is essential for running machinery and powering the ship’s engines. This operation can occur onshore and offshore, depending mostly on the vessel’s schedule and storage capacity.

Even though Water and Food are essential for the crew members of any vessel, we will focus on Fuel Bunkering services that can be found worldwide.

Types of Fuel Bunkering in the Maritime Industry

Heavy Fuel Oil

Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) remains a dominant choice across the industry, representing approximately 70% of global bunker fuel consumption, as reported by Statista in 2021. Its cost-effectiveness and high energy density makes it a preferred option for many vessels. However, HFO contains a high density of sulfur that has raised environmental concerns. Until now, technological solutions like exhaust gas cleaning systems (scrubbers) are helping vessels mitigate emissions while continuing to utilize HFO efficiently.

Marine Gas Oil and Marine Diesel Oil

Marine Gas Oil (MGO) and Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) are distillate fuels with lower sulfur content compared to HFO. MGO is a cleaner-burning fuel, suitable for engines that require purer fuel sources. These fuels are used in various maritime vessels, especially those operating in regions with strict environmental regulations. Like the ones in this list

Liquified Natural Gas (LNG)

Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) has been emerging as a cleaner and safer alternative to traditional marine fuels. LNG produces fewer emissions and is considered more environmentally friendly. Its use is growing in the particularly for new vessels designed to comply with stringent emission standards.

Low Sulfur Fuel Oil

Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (LSFO) contains significantly reduced sulfur content to comply with international environmental regulations. LSFO is designed to mitigate air pollution and meet the requirements set by the IMO. It is increasingly used by ships to adhere to the global sulfur cap regulations.


Biodiesel is a renewable fuel made from organic materials. It is another sustainable alternative to conventional marine fuels. Its use is still limited but growing as the maritime industry seeks greener solutions.

Which Type of Bunkering is Better for My Vessel?

Choosing the right type of bunkering for your vessel depends on several factors, including regulatory requirements, engine compatibility, and environmental considerations. It’s crucial to understand the specific needs of your vessel when it comes to bunkering fuel.

Risk of Not Choosing the type of fuel for Your Vessel

Selecting the wrong type of bunker fuel can lead to severe consequences like damage ship engines, leading to operational disruptions and increase in maintenance costs. Never forgetting that non-compliance with environmental regulations can result in hefty fines and legal penalties.


Although, there’s no need to worry about any fine and damage. In Nolkata we specialize in providing expert guidance on bunkering options and supply. We have assembled a team of professionals that will help you navigate across all the fuel selections in Panama City, Panama. We take into consideration all the regulations and requirements, engine of your vessel and environmental impact to provide the best tailored service in the region.

Nolkata Will Deliver the Type of Bunkering You Need

We offer a range of bunkering solutions that will fill your needs, just contact us and let us know what you need. We will make sure to comply with your demands. Nolkata ensures timely and efficient delivery of your chosen fuel type, wherever your vessel is located. Our extensive network and commitment to quality make us the best solution for all your bunkering needs.

Enhancing Your Bunkering Experience

At Nolkata Marine, we take pride in delivering top-notch services that exceed industry standards. Our team of experts ensures a seamless bunkering process, from selecting the right fuel type to executing operations with precision. With our commitment to safety, efficiency, and environmental responsibility, we guarantee a superior experience.

Learn more about our bunkering services and discover how we can optimize your maritime operations for success.


Understanding the different types of fuel in bunkering in the maritime industry is essential if you are working in a vessel, especially for maintaining and compliant efficient operations. Does not matter if its traditional heavy fuel oil or cleaner alternatives, each has its own advantages and considerations. If you need to make an informed choice and leverage expert guidance, Nolkata, can ensure optimal performance and sustainability for your maritime vessels and ships.